Ultrasound-guided follicle aspiration: the collection of bovine cumulus-oocyte complexes from ovaries of slaughtered or live cows.
To increase the collection efficiency of bovine cumulus-oocyte-complexes (COCs) by transvaginal aspiration, the effects of aspiration pressure and needle diameter on bovine follicular oocyte collection were assessed. Oocytes were aspirated from ovaries of slaughtered cows using 2 different diameter needles (18- or 21-gauge) with 4 different aspiration pressures (40, 80, 120 or 160 mmHg) and of live cows using 18-gauge needles with 40 or 80 mmHg, or using 21-gauge needles with 80 or 120 mmHg. The recovered oocytes were divided into 4 categories according to the surrounding cumulus cells and quality of oocytes: 1) 4 or more layers, 2) between 1 and 3 layers, 3) completely or partially denuded and 4) all others, including expanded cumulus cells and degenerated oocytes. The highest oocyte recovery rates from Categories 1 and 2 were obtained using 18-gauge needles with 40 mmHg pressure and 21-gauge needles with 120 mmHg pressure, respectively, from the ovaries of slaughtered cows. When oocytes were collected from live cows, the highest recovery rates for Categories 1 and 2 were obtained using an 18-gauge needle and 40 mmHg pressure, and 21-gauge needle and 80 mmHg, respectively. In addition, the proportion of oocytes in each category were compared between ovaries from slaughtered and live cows. The proportion of Category 1 oocytes collected from live cows was lower than from slaughtered cows when 18-gauge needles at 80 mmHg (P < 0.05). The results show that the combination of aspiration pressure and needle diameter is crucial for COC collection, and they suggest that optimal aspiration conditions for ovaries of slaughtered cows are not necessarily applicable to live cows.
Mar 1999. v. 51 (4)
|Main Author:||Hashimoto, S.|
|Other Authors:||Takakura, R., Kishi, M., Sudo, T., Minami, N., Yamada, M.|
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