Supplementation of maca (Lepidium meyenii) tuber meal in diets improves growth rate and survival of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum) alevins and juveniles.
Maca tuber meal is used in fish diet formulations in Andean trout culture and knowledge of its effects on fish growth is paramount to healthy human food production. In the first experiment with rainbow trout alevins (0.096 ± 0.002 g), starter diets were offered from first feeding until 15 weeks. We formulated high protein content (~ 60%) semi-purified starter diets supplemented with 0%, 5%, 10%, or 15% maca tuber meal (control, M-5, M-10, and M-15 respectively). The second feeding trial was conducted with juveniles (1.56 ± 0.02 g) fed one of three diets (control, M-15, and commercial) for 8 weeks. In the first experiment, fish fed M-10 and M-15 diets exhibited significantly higher growth rates than the other dietary groups. Survival was significantly improved in the groups fed diets supplemented with maca tuber meal (60.0-69.2%) in comparison with the group fed a control diet (21.7%). The second experiment showed a higher growth rate in the M-15 group compared with the control and a commercial diet fed group. Leucocyte numbers were increased by dietary supplementation of maca tuber meal. The findings of the present study suggest that a maca tuber meal inclusion at least 5% improves growth rate, feed utilization, immunity by increased leucocyte number, and survival of rainbow trout alevins and juveniles.
2004 Feb. 26, v. 35, no. 3
|Main Author:||Lee, K.J.|
|Other Authors:||Dabrowski, K., Rinchard, J., Gomez, C., Guz, L., Vilchez, C.|
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