Rapid Profiling of Animal-Derived Fatty Acids Using Fast GC x GC Coupled to Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry
Rapid profiling of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) from five different animal sources was examined in this study using fast comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (fast GC x GC-TOFMS). The result showed that GC x GC analysis combining two different microbore columns (SLB-5 ms, 10 m x 0.10 mm x 0.10 μm and DBWax, 0.5 m x 0.10 mm x 0.10 μm) allowed three-fold faster analysis times than those observed for conventional GC x GC analysis. The modulation ratio (M R) of the system was defined at the value of 2.38 by optimizing the modulation period and offset temperature for precise mass spectral identification and highest effluent resolution in the analysis. In accordance with the normalized FAME level obtained from various animal fats, namely lard (LA), chicken fat (CF), beef tallow (BF), mutton tallow (MF) and cod liver oil (CLO), a clear discrimination of LA from the other species by principal components analysis (PCA) was observed. This was attributed to several FAME constituents involving methyl 6,9,12,15-heneicosatetraenoate (C21:4n-6), methyl 11,14-eicosadienoate (C20:2n-6), trans-9,12-methyl octadecadienoate (C18:2n-6t), trans-9-methyl octadecenoate (C18:1n-9t) and methyl hexadecanoate (C16:0).
Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society.
2009 Oct., v. 86, no. 10
|Main Author:||Chin, Sung-Tong|
|Other Authors:||Che Man, Yaakob Bin, Tan, Chin Ping, Hashim, Dzulkifly Mat|
dietary nutrient sources
animal fats and oils
cod liver oil
fatty acid composition
fatty acid esters
principal component analysis
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